Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition in which fat deposit in liver (commonly known as Fatty liver). Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a sub-type of NAFLD which include inflammation and liver cell damage, along with fat in liver. NASH may can lead to cirrhosis or chronic liver disease.
Usually, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) do not have any symptoms. Certain health conditions and behavior—including obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and intake of high fat/carbohydrate containing food—has more chances to develop NAFLD and NASH.
Medical history, physical examination, and certain tests help to diagnose nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Tests may include blood tests, imaging tests (e.g. Ultrasonography, MRI), and sometimes liver biopsy.
Weight loss, Change in dietary habits and exercise are proven life style intervention to treat nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
Weight loss can reduce fat in the liver, inflammation, and fibrosis.
Reduce or restrict intake of food having high fat or carbohydrates (with High glycemic index) to prevent or treat NAFLD or NASH.
Fats are usually high in calories and increase chance weight gain leading to obesity. Replacing saturated fats and trans fats in your diet with monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats, especially omega-3 fatty acids, is beneficial in NAFLD. Few examples of various types of fat are:
There are medicines which can be used as per doctor’s recommendation but none of them are superior than weight loss or dietary changes.
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