People with diabetes may have sleep problems due to unstable/fluctuating blood sugar levels and accompanying diabetes-related symptoms.
High blood sugar levels leads to more urination at night. These frequent visit to the bathroom lead to disrupted sleep. High blood sugar can increase thirst and tiredness that can interfere with falling asleep.
On flip side, fasting for long duration or taking diabetes medicine without food intake in evening/night can lead to low blood sugar levels at night. Low blood sugar can lead to significant sweating or feel irritated or confused when you wake up.
Just as diabetes can affect sleep, sleep problems also seem to play a role in diabetes.
Scientists believe that poor sleep may affect blood sugar levels due to its effects on hormones like insulin and cortisol. Improper Sleep can affect certain hormones related to hunger and satiety leading to increase in food intake that raise blood sugar levels.
Sleep deprivation also raises the risk of developing insulin resistance in the first place.
Proper control of blood sugar and management of diabetes complications (if any) can help improve sleep for people with type 2 diabetes.
Consult a doctor or specialist if sleep deprivation/problem persist in spite of following good sleep hygiene or practices.
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